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REMEMBERING WHAT YOU READ

“I just can’t seem to remember well enough to pass the test.”

“Names give me trouble. I can’t seem to remember them.”

“There are so many different items that I can’t remember the prices.”

Have any of these thoughts ever applied to you? At final exam time, for instance, you may have difficulty remembering important information. Why is this so? Why are some things more difficult to remember than others?

You can remember facts if you need to remember them and if you want to remember them. In other words, your purpose and your motivation make it possible for you to recall facts. You may not be able to remember your teacher’s name, but it is easy to remember the name of the girl you met at the dance last week–or remember certain information, your purpose for remembering stands out sharply. You can’t seem to remember facts about the geography of a country that doesn’t interest you, but facts about the country you are all excited about visiting next summer are easy to remember. Why? Because you have a special reason (purpose) for remembering about the country. You are motivated and that helps you to concentrate harder. Increased concentration, in turn, make the information easier to remember. Your purpose helps you to decide which information to remember, because purpose directs your attention to what you want to know.

Read the following paragraph only once. Assume that your purpose in reading is to remember as many of the advantages of physical fitness as you can:

Physical fitness increases the efficiency of your lungs and your heart. It helps you to control your weight and it is an aid to you in controlling emotional tension and anxiety. It also helps you to withstand physical fatigue for a longer time.

How many advantages do you remember? Do you think that you will remember information longer when you know what you are looking for? Do you think that you will remember the advantages of physical fitness longer if you are personally concerned about it?

Now that you see how purpose and motivation help you to remember, let us consider the processes that increase your ability to remember.

  • ASSOCIATION: When you associate, you make the things you want to remember relate to each other in some way. Once you know what your purpose in reading–that is, once you know the information you are looking for–you can try to remember this information by fitting it into some general category.
  • VISUALIZATION: Visualization helps you to create a strong, vivid memory. Try to picture in your mind what you wish to remember. Try to remember a man’s name for example, by seeing his face in your mind and associating his name with it. You can remember an important date in history (perhaps a battle or a peace meeting or an inaugurating) by picturing the scene in your mind with the date in big letters in front of this visualization.
  • CONCENTRATION: What is concentration? People often say that they can’t concentrate or that they will never be able to learn to concentrate better. Quite often it is our way of life that takes away our former ability in this area. Small children are well skilled in concentration. Have you ever seen a youngster so absorbed in playing a game or in reading or in just daydreaming, or visualizing, that he doesn’t hear when his parents call? He is punished for this and soon learns that he shouldn’t concentrate as hard on what he is doing, but that he should gear some of his attention to listening for his parent’s (or teacher’s) call.Concentration can be defined as focusing attention on one thing and to one thing only. When you do an exercise which provides an opportunity for you to do this, it is basically an exercise in concentration. How can you learn to concentrate better? Visualizing will help. Visualizing forces attention to one thing only. If you try to see specific pictures as you read, it will help you to concentrate. Not looking back will also help you to concentrate. When you do not allow yourself to look back, you force yourself to concentrate in order to get the meaning the first time. Making sure of your purpose in a third way to force concentration. When you read for a particular purpose, you will concentrate on what you read because, as you read, you ask yourself, “Does this satisfy my purpose?”
  • REPETITION: When you have difficulty remembering textbook information, you should repeat the procedures for associating, visualizing, and concentration. The first step in remembering a list, for example, is to categorize it (association) and visualize it (thus forcing concentration). Do this once and then repeat the same task frequently. The repetition will help burn the information into your memory.

Now, how do you apply association, visualization, concentration, and repetition to remembering information in textbook chapters?

  1. Try to understand the general outline of the chapter. Understanding how the chapter is put together provides a skeleton to which you can associate specific information.
  2. Visualize as you read. Try to see pictures.
  3. Concentrate as you read. Try to read information one time and then without looking back tell yourself what was said.
  4. Repeat where necessary to burn details into your memory.

Remembering what you read

Purpose –Have a specific purpose when you read. This will help you to:

  1. ASSOCIATE: Relate ideas to each other.
  2. VISUALIZE: Try to see pictures in your mind as you read.
  3. CONCENTRATE: Have a specific purpose, associating, and visualizing will help you to do this.
  4. REPEAT: Keep telling yourself important points and associate details to these points.

Sehari Sebuah Firman-سُوۡرَةُ الرَّحمٰن

 وَٱلنَّجۡمُ وَٱلشَّجَرُ يَسۡجُدَانِ :Maksudnya :Dan tumbuh-tumbuhan yang melata serta pohon-pohon

kayu-kayan, masing-masing tunduk menurut peraturanNya. (6)

Tips Menguatkan Daya Ingatan

Antaranya ialah:

Amalkan Tidur Yang Cukup

1/3 hidup kita dihabiskan dengan tidur. Namun ada orang yg suka tidur lewat atau mengabaikan tidur yg cukup. Badan perlu rehat. Keletihan hanya akan mengganggu maklumat/data yang telah disimpan oleh otak dan juga menjejaskan kemampuan untuk mempelajari sesuatu yg baru. Oleh itu, amalkan tidur yg cukup di malam hari kerana ia dapat membantu daya ingatan kita berfungsi.

Mengawal Tekanan

Tekanan hanya akan membuat jiwa anda tidak tenteram dan menyebabkan kesihatan anda terganggu. Anda juga lebih cenderung untuk menjadi seseorang yang tidak peka dengan keadaan persekitaran. Anda tidak dapat berfikir dengan jelas dan daya ingatan anda juga terjejas. Oleh itu, kawal tekanan anda dengan baik seperti bermeditasi, membaca Al-Quran, yoga, sauna, aromaterapi dan sebagainya.

Berhati-hati Dengan Pengambilan Vitamin atau Makanan Tambahan

Sesetengah produk yg dijual di kaunter atau farmasi tidak sesuai dengan kita. Ada yg kononnya dapat meningkatkan daya ingatan. Tetapi sebaliknya ada yg memberi kesan sampingan. Oleh itu, lebih baik jika kita mendapatkan vitamin yg diperlukan oleh tubuh badan kita dengan pemakanan yg seimbang atau rujuk dahulu doktor yg bertauliah sebelum membeli makanan tambahan.

Bersenam

Bersenam dapat menggerakkan otot-otot dan melancarkan peredaran darah ke otak. Oleh itu, daya ingatan kita juga akan menjadi lebih baik. Amalkan senaman walaupun sekadar berjalan kaki.

Elakkan Kemurungan

Kemurungan dalam hidup akan menyebabkan hidup anda tidak ceria. Anda sentiasa berada dalam keadaan tidak segar dan rasa kecewa. Lama-kelamaan ia turut menjejaskan daya ingatan anda dan membuat anda tidak hirau dengan persekitaran anda. Ubatilah kemurungan sebelum menjadi serius dengan berjumpa psikiatri atau beramal-ibadah mendekatkan diri kepada Tuhan.

Awasi Pengambilan Ubat

Daya ingat mungkin menjadi lemah dengan pengambilan ubat-ubatan tertentu seperti pil hormon, ubat darah tinggi, anti-kemurungan dan sebagainya. Jika anda menghadapi masalah daya ingatan disebabkan pengambilan ubat, konsultasi dengan doktor. Jangan mengambil ubat tanpa arahan doktor.

Belajar Sesuatu yang Baru

Cubalah aktifkan pemikiran anda dengan mempelajari sesuatu yang baru misalnya Bahasa Jepun, kursus kemahiran jangka pendek, menjahit, atau menghadiri ceramah dan motivasi.

Permainan

Bermain sesuatu permainan seperti board games dapat merangsang minda. Contohnya, catur, scrabble (Sahibba) dan Monopoli. Selain itu, teknologi sekarang lebih baik seperti permainan komputer dan Playstation. Pilihlah jenis permainan yang mencabar minda.

Banyak Membaca

Jadikan amalan membaca sebagai kegiatan harian. Membaca dapat meluaskan pengetahuan, mengembangkan minda dan menajam daya ingatan. Cuba ingat sedikit-sebanyak fakta yang terkandung di dalam bahan bacaan.

Katakan Berulang Kali

Untuk meningkat ingatan anda tentang sesuatu maklumat atau tarikh, katakan dengan kuat dan berulang kali sehingga anda benar-benar ingat akan maklumat tersebut.

Fokus

Daya ingatan dapat dilancarkan sekiranya anda sering fokus dalam sesuatu, contohnya matlamat hidup. Anda juga dapat belajar fokus dengan menumpukan fikiran anda pada sesuatu perkara dan mencatatkan apa yang anda fikirkan.

Bermain Dengan Angka

Asahkan minda anda dengan cuba bermain dengan angka seperti mengingati nombor telefon rakan-rakan. Selain itu, anda boleh menghubungkaitkan angka-angka tersebut dengan sesuatu bagi meningkatkan daya ingatan.

Membaca Al-Quran

Sekiranya anda seorang Muslim, amalkan membaca Al-Quran walau sehelai muka surat setiap hari. Membaca Al-Quran dapat menerang jiwa, menenangkan perasaan dan menajamkan daya ingatan dengan lebih baik.

Sehari Sebuah Firman-سُوۡرَةُ الرَّحمٰن

ٱلشَّمۡسُ وَٱلۡقَمَرُ بِحُسۡبَانٍ۬.٥ :Maksudnya:The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly)

calculated with measured out stages for each (for reckoning). (5)/Matahari dan bulan beredar dengan peraturan dan hitungan yang tertentu. (5)

HOW OIL WAS FORMED-سُوۡرَةُ یسٓ .80

ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنَ ٱلشَّجَرِ ٱلۡأَخۡضَرِ نَارً۬ا فَإِذَآ أَنتُم مِّنۡهُ تُوقِدُونَ ٨٠ :

Translation:He, Who produces for you fire out of the green tree, when behold! You kindle therewith. (80)

 –سُوۡرَةُ یسٓ

HOW OIL WAS FORMED

Oil was formed from the remains of animals and plants that lived millions of years ago in a marine (water) environment before the dinosaurs.   Over the years, the remains were covered by layers of mud.  Heat and pressure from these layers helped the remains turn into what we today call crude oil .  The word “petroleum” means “rock oil” or “oil from the earth.”

Three images, all about Petroleum & Natural Gas Formation.    The first image is about the Ocean 300 to 400 million years ago. Tiny sea plants and animals died and were buried on the ocean floor. Over time, they were covered by layers of sand and silt.    The second image is about the Ocean 50 to 100 million years ago. Over millions of years, the remains were buried deeper and deeper. The enormous heat and pressure turned them into oil and gas.    The third image is about Oil & Gas Deposits. Today, we drill down through layers of sand, silt, and rock to reach the rock formations that contain oil and gas deposits.

Sehari Sebuah Firman-سُوۡرَةُ الرَّحمٰن

عَلَّمَهُ ٱلۡبَيَانَ .٤  : Malsudnya :Dialah yang telah membolehkan manusia (bertutur) memberi dan menerima kenyataan. (4)

Sehari Sebuah Firman-سُوۡرَةُ الرَّحمٰن

خَلَقَ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ   .٣ :Maksudnya :Dialah yang telah menciptakan manusia. (3)